Audi A4, S4
Since 2000 of release
Repair and car operation
Audi A4, S4
+ Controls and receptions of safe operation
- Current leaving and service
The indicator of term of approach of maintenance service
The routine maintenance schedule
The general information on adjustment
Check of levels of liquids, the control of leaks
Check of a condition of tyres and pressure in them. A designation of tyres and disks of wheels. Rotation and replacement of wheels
Replacement of impellent oil and the oil filter
Checks of brake system. Adjustment of a lay brake
Check of fuel system
Check of a condition and replacement of hoses of an impellent compartment, localisation of leaks
Check of a condition of ridge belts of a streaming drive of auxiliary units
Check of functioning of system of cooling and frost resistance of a cooling liquid
Check of a condition of system of release of the fulfilled gases
Check of level of oil of automatic transmission
The visual control of a box of a gear change and the main transfer on leaks, check of level and oil addition
Check of a condition a suspension bracket and steering component
Check of a condition of protective covers of power shafts
Check of level of a liquid of system of hydrostrengthening of a wheel
Check of a central air of air
Greasing of terminators of doors, cylinders of locks, cowl hook, сдвижной panels of the hatch of a roof
The visual control of a seat belt and the block of a pillow of safety
Check of working capacity of headlights and horn
Condition check, adjustment and replacement of brushes of screen wipers
Check of a condition of the battery, care it and gymnastics
Replacement of the battery of emergency supply of system Telematik
Replacement of an element of the filter of air of salon / the coal filter of clearing of air
Replacement of a brake liquid
Check and replacement of spark plugs. Check of a condition of high-voltage wires
Replacement of an element of the air filter of the engine
Replacement of the fuel filter
Check of a condition and tension of a gear belt
+ The engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating and the air conditioner
+ Power supply systems, release and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
+ Systems of an electric equipment of the engine
+ Manual box of a gear change
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling, power shafts and differential
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
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Check of levels of liquids, the control of leaks
Liquids are the integral component of systems of greasing, cooling, brake and systems of washing of a windscreen. In view of the gradual expense and-or pollution of liquids in the course of normal operation of the car, it is necessary to replace them periodically. Familiarise with Section «Types and volumes of applied greasings and liquids» in Specifications before to start to доливанию liquids in any of listed a component.
The visual control of leaks
Check of level of oil probeом
Check of level of oil is the important preventive procedure. Constant falling of level of oil specifies or in presence of its leaks through the damaged epiploons or ослабшие connections, or on its burning out (internal leaks through the worn out piston rings or through directing plugs of valves). Besides, it is necessary to pay attention and to a condition of the oil. If oil has dairy colour or in its structure it is possible to notice water drops, it specifies in possible infringement of tightness of a lining of a head of cylinders or crack presence in a head or the block of cylinders. In this case the engine should be repaired immediately. Each time at measurement of level of oil before edge rubbing probeа spend on it big and index hand fingers. If will be thus found out stuck on probe particles of a dirt or metal particles, oil it is necessary to replace (address to Section Replacement of impellent oil and the oil filter).
The expense of impellent oil
Max. 0.8 l/1000 of km, depending on style of driving.
The expense of oil the engine can be defined only after passage of a long distance. During the period обкатки it can exceed the resulted value. Frequent movement with high turns of the engine conducts to increase in the expense of oil.
Cooling liquid of the engine
All cars considered in the given Management, are equipped by system of cooling with superfluous pressure of compensatory type. The white plastic broad tank is located in an impellent compartment and connected by a hose to a radiator. In process of a warming up of the engine in the course of its work the extending liquid fills a tank. At cooling of the engine the liquid automatically arrives back in cooling system that provides maintenance of constant level.
Check of level of a liquid in the tank should be made regularly, at strictly horizontal position of the car and the switched off engine.
Banish the car and again measure liquid level. If to the necessary level it is required to add only a small amount it is possible to use pure water. However frequent additions of water will dilute antifreeze. To provide a normal parity (40 %/60 %) antifreeze and water, always add to the necessary level a demanded mix of the antifreeze specified in Specifications, on a basis этиленгликоля and waters.
Great volume of a cold cooling liquid fill in only at the cold engine to avoid engine damages.
If liquid level falls regularly in system leak presence is possible. Examine a radiator, hoses, a cover of a jellied mouth, drain stoppers and the water pump (address to Section Check of a condition and replacement of hoses of an impellent compartment, localisation of leaks). If leaks it is not revealed, make check of tightness of a cover of a broad tank and a radiator in conditions HUNDRED.
If you need to uncover, wait, while the engine completely will cool down, then wrap up a piece of thick rags round a cover and turn away it to the first emphasis. If thus from under a cover steam or a liquid starts to be pulled out, allow to the engine to cool down a little more, and only then uncover.
It is necessary to check a liquid condition also. It should be concerning pure. If the liquid has brown or rusty colour, it it is necessary to merge, wash out system and to fill with its new mix. Even if the liquid looks normally, entering into its structure ингибиторы corrosion in due course lose the efficiency, therefore it is necessary to replace it through certain time intervals.
For check of frost resistance of a cooling liquid it is necessary to use ареометр (address to an illustration and Specifications).
Level of a brake liquid is checked visually, on labels on the plastic tank established on the main cylinder. At the closed cover level of a brake liquid should be between marks MAX and MIN.Если level below admissible, at first wipe top of the tank and a cover pure rags to prevent dirt hit in system after cover removal. Add to the necessary level the recommended liquid, but do not pour.
While the tank cover is removed, check up a liquid and the tank of the main cylinder on presence of pollution. If at it there are particles of a rust, a dirt or a water drop, a liquid from system it is necessary to merge and fill in the new.
After addition of the tank to the necessary level make sure that the cover is established exactly, in order to avoid leaks of a liquid and-or dirt hit.
Liquid level in the main cylinder will fall slightly as a result of wear process of frictional overlays brake колодок. There is no necessity to add it until level remains near a label «MIN»; it will rise after replacement of overlays. Very low level can specify in deterioration brake колодок. Check up them on deterioration presence (address to Section of Check of brake system. Adjustment of a lay brake).
If level of a brake liquid constantly falls, immediately check up all system on presence of leaks. Survey brake lines, hoses and штуцерные connections, together with supports, wheel cylinders and the main cylinder (address to Sections of Check of brake system. Adjustment of a lay brake, Check of a condition and replacement of hoses of an impellent compartment, localisation of leaks).
If at check of level of a liquid the tank appears is empty or nearly so is empty, the brake system should be checked up on presence of leaks and is pumped over (address to the Head Brake system).
The tank of hydraulic system of the amplifier of a steering is in a back part of an impellent compartment. Address to Section Check of level of a liquid of system of hydrostrengthening of a wheel.
Liquid of a washer of a windscreen
The concentrate стекломоющего means is easily combustible.
At the reference with a concentrate стекломоющего means application of fire, an open flame and smoking are forbidden.
If necessary add a mix from a concentrate for a sink of glasses and potable water.
Capacity of the tank is resulted in Specifications.
In areas with a temperate climate it is possible to fill system with usual water, but it is recommended to add in water means for washing of glasses. The tank should be filled no more, than on two third that there was a free space on a case of expansion of water at freezing. In areas with cold environmental conditions it is necessary to use special antifreeze for the windscreen washing, reducing a freezing point of a liquid which can be got in any shop of automobile accessories. Usually it is on sale in the concentrated or ready kind. If you have got the concentrated antifreeze, mix it with water according to the instruction of the manufacturer on packing.
Check up adjustment of jets, address to Section Removal and jet installation стеклоомывателя a windscreen.